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Read e-book online An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 6th Edition PDF

By Robert B. Ewen

Meant as an higher point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character idea, character, or psychology of character. It presents an advent to the information of crucial character theorist

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Extra info for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 6th Edition

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This makes it possible to avoid errors, such as drinking from a bottle of bleach when you are thirsty; to avoid punishment, like a parental slap for trying to eat a forbidden object; and to increase pleasure, as by rejecting an edible but unappetizing object and waiting for a tastier one. The rational, pleasure-delaying, problem-solving, and self-preservative mode of thought representative of the ego is known as the secondary process (Freud, 1911/1963c; see also Freud, 1940/1969a, p. 55). The relationship between the ego and the id is intimate and complex.

104–115; 1916–1917/1966, pp. 294ff). To overcome such difficulties, Freud developed a revised theory (the structural model) that describes personality in terms of three constructs: the id, the ego, and the superego (Freud, 1923/1962). 1. ) Freud emphasizes that the id, ego, and superego are not separate compartments within the mind. They blend together, like sections of a telescope or colors in a painting. For purposes of discussion, however, it is necessary to treat these interrelated constructs one at a time.

Uses defense mechanisms. The stronger the ego, the healthier the personality. In a sense, the psychological executive of personality. Superego Develops out of the ego at about age 3–5 years. Results from introjections of parental standards and the resolution of the Oedipus complex. Partly conscious, partly unconscious. Operates by introjected moral imperatives. May or may not be realistic and self-preservative. Motivated by the energy bound in its formation. Enforces its standards by stimulating the ego’s feelings of guilt or pride.

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