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Get An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition PDF

By Robert B. Ewen

This seventh Edition helps scholars resolve the mysteries of human habit via its hugely readable creation to the tips of the main major character theorists.

Engaging biographical sketches commence every one bankruptcy, and particular pill summaries aid scholars evaluate key concepts.  Theories come alive in the course of the inclusion of quotations from the theorists’ writings and various functions reminiscent of dream interpretation, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.

Significant adjustments within the seventh version comprise a longer dialogue of the sensible purposes of character conception, with an emphasis on guidance that may aid humans raise their self-knowledge, make higher judgements, and dwell extra enjoyable lives.

Fictionalized yet true-to-life examples illustrating the perils of insufficient self-knowledge contain students, mom and dad, terrorists, company executives, and politicians, whereas different examples convey the optimistic results that could end result from a greater knowing of one’s unconscious.

This seventh variation additionally incorporates a extra wide dialogue of ways an absence of self-understanding triggered problems for such famous theorists as Freud and Erikson, and a brand new part that explains how habit should be strongly prompted by way of the location in addition to through one’s personality.

Finally, a brand new interactive website offers perform attempt questions and different subject matters of interest.

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Extra resources for An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 7th Edition

Example text

Fortunately his reputation was sufficient to attract English and American patients, who paid in a more stable currency, but his hardships were not over. During the last 16 years of his life, Freud was afflicted with an extremely serious cancer of the mouth and jaw. This required no fewer than thirty-three operations, forced him to wear an awkward prosthesis to 14 Sigmund Freud fill the resulting gap between what had been the nasal and oral cavities, and prevented him at times from speaking and swallowing, yet he bore this ordeal with his customary stoic courage.

See Freud, 1908a; 1905/1965d, pp. 104 n. 2, 144 n. ) The Phallic Stage. At about age 2 to 3 years, the boy learns to produce pleasurable sensations by manually stimulating his sexual organ. This has a powerful effect on his cathexis for his mother: He becomes his mother’s lover. He wishes to possess her physically in such ways as he has divined from his observations and intuitions about sexual life, and he tries to seduce her by showing her the male organ which he is proud to own. In a word, his early awakened masculinity seeks to take his father’s place with her; his father has hitherto in any case been an envied model to the boy, owing to the physical strength he perceives in him and the authority with which he finds him clothed.

He was therefore forced to conclude that “all that is repressed is unconscious, but not all that is unconscious is repressed” (1923/1962, p. 8; see also Freud, 1915/1963f, pp. 104–115; 1916–1917/1966, pp. 294ff). To overcome such difficulties, Freud developed a revised theory (the structural model) that describes personality in terms of three constructs: the id, the ego, and the superego (Freud, 1923/1962). 1. ) Freud emphasizes that the id, ego, and superego are not separate compartments within the mind.

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